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Cantharis – Cantharis Homeopathy By Dr. J T Kent


Cantharis – Cantharis Homeopathy

The most important feature of this medicine is the inflammatory condition, and the most important characteristic in the inflammation is the rapidity with which it develops into a gangrenous state. Inflammatory conditions usually follow a definite course for days, but when this medicine is put upon a part or taken internally the inflammatory state terminates in death of the part with great rapidity. 

When taken internally it proceeds almost immediately to attack the urinary tract and establish a uraemic state which brings about the mental symptoms; the local inflammatory condition comes on with great rapidity, and this brings the patient down violently sick in a great hurry.

From strong doses in the poisonous effect we get startling and alarming symptoms; the whole economy is in disorder; grievous symptoms commonly of the urinary tract. The parts become gangrenous at an early stage. ( Cantharis Cantharis Homeopathy )


The mental symptoms are striking. Among those that are guiding are sudden loss of consciousness with red face. Suddenly goes into stupor. Confusion of mind. Overwhelmed with strange ideas. Thoughts run riot, and go whatever way they will, as if possessed by outside influence.

Head hot, frenzy, delirium, with great excitement and rage, Paroxysms renewed by dazzling or bright objects, by touching the larynx or by trying to drink water as in rabies. Fear and confusion of ideas. The mind often runs towards subjects that the inflamed parts would suggest.

The bladder and genitals are inflamed and the excitement and congestion of the parts often arouse the sexual instinct, so that there are sexual thoughts and sexual frenzy. Violent amorous frenzy, an excitement such as accompanies inflammation attended with thoughts that correspond. The sexual instinct has gone mad.

The erections in the male are painful and violent. The penis is inflamed and sore and it would be painful to have coitus, yet there is this frenzy. Insolence. Blasphemy. Restlessness ending in rage. Restlessness causing him to move constantly, a rage and delirium intermingled with amorous frenzy: This kind of mental conduct in Cantharis is similar to what will take place in Hyos., Phos., and Secale, a violent delirious state intermingled with sexual ideas and talk.

In some instances he deliriously sings lewd songs and prattles on the subject of human genitals, urine and faces, a wild raving on subjects not talked about in health except among the depraved. But in disease, chaste and modest persons, virgins, will speak so that it is surprising where they have picked up such language.

In such cases it is well to exclude everybody from the room except the nurse and doctor. I have seen a dear old mother weep and wring her hands and say: “Where did my daughter learn such language?” The daughter is not to blame.

It is simply a condition of the urinary tract or the menstrual function, brought on from cold or exposure, or through the mother’s neglect to tell her daughter what she should know in regard to her menstrual function, and now there is inflammation of the ovaries or uterus, or outside parts, and the urine burns and causes an inflammatory condition of the outer parts, or the urine is retained and there is frenzy. Such is Cantharis. ( Cantharis – Cantharis Homeopathy )

Violent, bursting, lancinating headaches as if stabbed with a knife; an inflammatory condition that takes hold of the mind violently.

Running all through the remedy there is burning. In the head burning, throbbing and stabbing. Unconsciousness and delirium in the mental state. Burning in the side of the head. Stitches in the side of the head and occiput. Lancinating pains deep in the brain. Hair falls out. ( Cantharis – Cantharis Homeopathy )

It is seldom indicated in eye troubles alone, except such as come with head and mind symptoms. Erysipelas of the face with large blisters. Burning in the eyes and the whole atmosphere looks yellow. Burning and smarting in the eyes. Erysipelas of the eyes, with gangrenous tendency. Eyes hot, scalding tears.

Erysipelas of the face, dorsum of the nose, involving the lids. Rhus is more commonly used in this condition, but when it is violent Cantharis. will often be indicated and preferable to Rhus. Rhus has the blisters and the burning, but in Canth. between your two visits the erysipelas has grown black, it is dusky, a rapid change has taken place, and it looks as if gangrene would set in.

Burning in the erysipelatous area and the skin around burns from the touch. In Rhus this is not so. In Cantharis the little blisters even if touched burn like fire. Eruptions burn when touched, ever so lightly, i. e., those eruptions such as the remedy could produce. ( Cantharis – Cantharis Homeopathy )

This patient enters into a state of prostration, is pallid, has hippocratic countenance and dies. It corresponds to the lowest forms of disease, even gangrene and violent inflammation of the bowels, bladder, brain, spine and lungs; sinking and hippocratic countenance.

Inflammation of the lungs, gangrenous type, prostration and the lung that is affected burns like fire, and immediately he expectorates cadaverous smelling expectoration, thin, bloody, watery; it has come on in an astonishingly rapid manner, and in a little while he will die; the nose is contracted, there is the hippocratic countenance, and the urine is suppressed.

I remember one patient who had just come out of a prolonged drunk. I left the patient in the evening in just such a state as I have described. He was drooling a bloody saliva from his mouth and he was dying. He had had this condition come on in one night from being nearly frozen in a drunk.

It would be Cantharis or death before morning, but by morning he was expectorating a rusty sputum and went on to a good recovery. Arsenic has the burning in the lungs and he spits up black sputum, pneumonia signs are present, with the restlessness and anxiety, and other symptoms of Arsenic, and Arsenic will stop it at once. These violent remedies are needed in those cases that will die.

Burning in the throat. Great thirst, with burning in the throat and stomach. Thirst, with aversion to all fluids, that is, the craving of the mouth and throat are antagonized by the mental state. Thirst in the throat and an aversion to water in the mind. Violent burning in the stomach, pylorus, abdomen.

The abdomen is swollen and tympanitic; lancinating pains cutting and stabbing. Wherever there is a rapid inflammation in the bowels there is diarrhoea of bloody mucus or serum, watery, bloody fluids from the bowels and stomach. The same watery bloody fluid from the eyes. And wherever this watery fluid comes in contact with the skin it burns and excoriates. Bloody urine.

Desire for stool while urinating. The patient will sit on the commode with violent tenesmus to pass urine and stool, feels that if he could only pass a few more drops of urine or a little more bloody stool he would get relief, but no relief comes. Ï All the parts are inflamed and on fire. Tenesmus and urging not only when the bladder is empty, but often when the bladder is full.

Retention of urine. Passes none or only a drop or two. Violent tenesmus of the bladder. Cutting pains with tenesmus. Lancinating, stabbing like knives, in neck of bladder. Pains shoot off in, different directions. Violent pains with frequent urging. Constant tenesmus. An anxious state and frenzy come on; most violent suffering and he has urging to pass urine and stool with sexual erethism tantalizing in the extreme.

The whole urinary, organs and genitalia are in a state of inflammation and gangrene. Burning when urinating. ‘This bloody urine burns like fire in the bladder and about the genitals. Retention or suppression of urine.

It is rare that one suffering from gonorrhoea has this violent inflammation, with burning and tenesmus of the bladder and rectum, but in such a case this remedy is indicated. The intensity and rapidity are .the features of this remedy. It brings on pain and excitement found in no other remedy. Next to it comes Merc. cor.

In the female there is oversensitiveness of all parts. Inflammation of the ovaries and uterus. Burning in the vagina. Membranous dysmenorrhoea. Menses too early, profuse, black.

Puerperal convulsions. Retained placenta. Burning pains. When there have been no expulsive pains present to expel the afterbirth, with the symptoms running all through this remedy, after it has been given, normal contractions of the uterus have come on with expulsion of the membranes.

Violent lancinating pains through the kidneys and back. Pains in the loins, kidneys and abdomen. Pain on urinating, so that he moaned and screamed on passing a drop.



cantharis – vesicatoria – cantharis

Spanish Fly


This powerful drug produces a furious disturbance in the animal economy, attacking the urinary and sexual organs especially, perverting their function, and setting up violent inflammations, and causing a frenzied delirium, simulating hydrophobia symptoms (Anagallis). Puerperal convulsions. Produces most violent inflammation of the whole gastro-intestinal canal, especially lower bowel. Oversensitiveness of all parts. Irritation. Raw, burning pains. Haemorrhages. Intolerable, constant urging to urinate is most characteristic. Gastric, hepatic and abdominal complaints that are aggravated by drinking coffee. Gastric derangements of pregnancy. Dysuria, with other complaints. Increases secretion of mucous membranes, tenacious mucus. The inflammations cantharis produces (bladder, kidneys, ovaries, meninges, pleuritic and pericardial membranes)are usually associated with bladder irritation. (cantharis-vesicatoria-cantharis)


Mind.–Furious delirium. Anxious restlessness, ending in rage. Crying, barking; worse touching larynx or drinking water. Constantly attempts to do something, but accomplishes nothing. Acute mania, generally of a sexual type; amorous frenzy; fiery sexual desire. Paroxysms of rage, crying, barking. Sudden loss of consciousness with red face. (cantharis-vesicatoria-cantharis)

Head.–Burning in brain. Sensation as if boiling water in brain. Vertigo; worse in open air.

Eyes.–Yellow vision (Santon). Fiery, sparkling, staring look. Burning in eyes.

Ears.–Sensation as if wind were coming from ear, or hot air. Bones about ear painful (Capsic).

Face.–Pale, wretched, death-like appearance. Itching vesicles on face, burning when touched. Erysipelas of face, with burning, biting heat with urinary symptoms. Hot and red. (cantharis-vesicatoria-cantharis)

Throat.–Tongue covered with vesicles; deeply furred; edges red. Burning in mouth, pharynx, and throat; vesicles in mouth. Great difficulty in swallowing liquids. Very tenacious mucus (Kali bich). Violent spasms reproduced by touching larynx. Inflammation of throat; feels on fire. Constriction; aphthous ulceration (Hydr mur; Nit ac). Scalding feeling. Burnt after taking too hot food.

Chest.–Pleurisy, as soon as effusion has taken place. Intense dyspnoea; palpitation; frequent, dry cough. Tendency to syncope. Short, hacking cough, blood-streaked tenacious mucus. Burning pains.

Stomach.–Burning sensation of oesophagus and stomach (Carb). Disgust for everything-drink, food, tobacco. Burning thirst, with aversion to all fluids. Very sensitive, violent burning. Vomiting of blood-streaked membrane and violent retching. Aggravation from drinking coffee; drinking the smallest quantity increases pain in bladder, and is vomited. Thirst unquenchable.

Stool.–Shivering with burning. Dysentery; mucous stools, like scrapings of intestines. Bloody, with burning and tenesmus and shuddering after stool.

Urine.–Intolerable urging and tenesmus. Nephritis with bloody urine. Violent paroxysms of cutting and burning in whole renal region, with painful urging to urinate; bloody urine, by drops. Intolerable tenesmus; cutting before, during, and after urine. Urine scalds him, and is passed drop by drop. Constant desire to urinate. Membranous scales looking like bran in water. Urine jelly-like, shreddy.


Male.–Strong desire; painful erections. Pain in glans (Prunus; Pareira). Priapism in gonorrhoea.

Female.–Retained placenta (Sep), with painful urination. Expels moles, dead foetuses, membranes, etc. Nymphomania (Plat; Hyos; Lach; Stram). Puerperal metritis, with inflammation of bladder. Menses too early and too profuse; black swelling of vulva with irritation. Constant discharge from uterus; worse false step. Burning pain in ovaries; extremely sensitive. Pain in os coccyx, lancinating and tearing.

Respiratory.–Voice low; weak feeling. Stitches in chest (Bry; Kal c; Squilla). Pleurisy, with exudation.

Heart.–Palpitation; pulse feeble, irregular; tendency to syncope. Pericarditis, with effusion.

Back.–Pain in loins, with incessant desire to urinate.

Extremities.–Tearing in limbs. Ulcerative pain in soles; cannot step.

Skin.–Dermatitis venenata with bled formation. Secondary eczema about scrotum and genitals, following excessive perspiration. Tendency to gangrene. Eruption with mealy scales. Vesicular eruptions, with burning and itching. Sunburn. Burns, scalds, with rawness and smarting, relieved by cold applications, followed by undue inflammation. Erysipelas, vesicular type, with great restlessness. Burning in soles of feet at night.

Fever.–Cold hands and feet; cold sweat. Soles burn. Chill, as if water were poured over him.

Modalities.–Worse, from touch, or approach, urinating, drinking cold water or coffee. Better, rubbing.

Relationship.–Antidotes: Acon; Camph; Puls.

Compare: Cantharidin–(Glomerular nephritis). The immediate pharmacological action of Cantharidin is irritability of the capillaries, rendering the passage of nutritive fluids through them less difficult. This is most marked in the capillaries of the kidneys. The increase of blood sugar coincident with the glomerular nephritis appears to be a valuable observation. Vesicaria–(Urinary and kidney remedy. Smarting, burning sensation along urethra and in bladder with frequent desire to void urine often with strangury. Cystitis, irritable bladder. Tincture 5-10 drop doses). Fuschina coloring substance used in adulteration of wine (Cortical nephritis with albuminuria, 6th-30th potency. Redness of ears, mouth, swollen gums; deep, red urine; red, profuse diarrhoea, with severe abdominal pains). Androsace lactea (urinary troubles, diuretic; dropsy). Apis; Ars; Merc cor.

Complementary: Camph.

Dose.–Sixth to thirtieth potency. Bears repeated doses well. Locally, in burns and eczema, 1x and 2x, in water, or as cerate.

Cantharis – Uses – Benefit, Cantharis Homeopathy


Cantharis Uses Benefit

Cantharis vesicator. Lytta vesicator. Spanish fly. N. O. Insecta, Coleoptera. Tincture or trituration of living insects.

Cantharis -Uses  -Benefit
Cantharis -Uses -Benefit

Clinical.-Bladder affections. Burns. Chordee. Diphtheria. Dysentery. Eczema. Emissions. Erotomania. Erysipelas. Eyes, inflammation of. Gastritis. Gonorrhoea. Herpes zoster. Hydrophobia. Kidneys, affections of. Mania. Neuralgia. Nymphomania. Ovaries, affections of. Peritonitis. Pleurisy. Pregnancy, disorders of. Retained placenta. Satyriasis. Scarlatina. Spermatorrhoea. Strangury. Thirst. Throat, sore. Tongue, inflammation of. Urine, abnormal. Vesication of skin. (Cantharis Uses Benefit).

Characteristics.-Cantharis belongs to the animal kingdom and finds its most prominent sphere of action in exciting the animal passions. There is anger in a very acute degree amounting to paroxysms of rage; and a corresponding condition of the bodily tissues. The word “irritation” best expresses the totality of the Cantharis effects. The pains are burning, and sharp, lancinating along the course of a nerve. Neuralgia of head and face from taking cold, with loud screams and jerking of muscles. The slightest touch or approach aggravates the mental symptoms. Violent spasms reproduced by touching larynx. There is also < from dazzling objects and by water-completing the hydrophobia picture. It may be well to remember in this connection the violent erotic action of Canth., for many have maintained that rabies only arises among domesticated animals where sexual functions are under more or less abnormal conditions. Guernsey gives as the special indications in hydrophobia: “Moaning and violent cries, interspersed with barking.” Canth. produces amorous frenzy, unbounded sexual desire; also sexual erethism and excitability. It acts on the brain, producing inflammation of the tissues. The eyes are bright, pupils widely dilated. Erysipelas commencing in nose. The face is generally pale or yellowish, with an expression of deep-seated suffering. There is diphtheritic inflammation of throat, severe burning, constriction; thirst, with aversion to drinking. The stomach is inflamed. Pain in abdomen colic-like, doubling the patient up, cutting, burning, lancinating. Dysenteric stools with tenesmus. In the genito-urinary region the most intense action is developed. There is extreme superficial sensitiveness in hypogastrium (especially when the bladder is full), attended with unbearable tenesmus vesicae. Cutting, burning pains from the kidney down to urethra. Strangury. Can pass only a few drops, like molten lead. Irritation of all grades. The sexual appetite is aroused to the point of mania. Coitus does not always reduce it. On the skin and serous membranes the irritating effects of the remedy are equally pronounced. Pleurisy with effusion has been cured by the remedy given internally. Burning, stitches, shooting pains and exudation are the indications. So the fly-blister treatment of olden days had more to say for itself than those who used it knew. Vesication is the note of its effects on the skin and indicates its use in burns of the first degree, erysipelas, blisters. In burns the part may be treated with a lotion containing a few drops of the tincture to the ounce of water, a dilution being given internally. An ointment made with the 3x is a good application for herpes zoster. H. N. Guernsey observed that Canth. is almost always the remedy for whatever other sufferings there may be, when there is as well frequent micturition with burning, cutting pain; or if cutting burning pain attends the flow, even when micturition is not very frequent. Guernsey also pointed out that Canth. should be studied in treating affections of the air-passages when the mucus is tenacious. Nash records a case in which this observation led him to make a pretty cure. Kali bich. had completely failed to relieve a lady who had suffered long from bronchitis. The mucus was profuse, tenacious, and ropy. One day the patient mentioned that she had great cutting and burning on urinating, which she was obliged to do very frequently. Canth, made a rapid cure. Canth. has cured a case of malarial cachexia in which the symptoms were always < when the urine was scanty. “Burning” runs through the Canth. pathogeneses in a very striking way. Another marked feature of the remedy is its effect in increasing the secretions of membranes. Canth. “expels moles, dead fetus, placentae; promotes fecundity” (Guernsey). The < is: from drinking; from coffee; from drinking cold water; whilst urinating; after urinating; from touch. > From rubbing; from warm applications. ( Cantharis Uses Benefit)


Relations.-Antidotes: Camph. antidotes the strangury and retention of urine of Canth., Apis the cystitis, Kali nit. the renal symptoms. For its throat symptoms it is nearest to Capsicum. Other antidotes: Acon., Lauro., Puls. Canth. is antidote to: Camph., Vinegar, Alcohol. Compatible: Bell., Merc., Pho., Pul., Sep., Sul. Incompatible: Coffea. Compare: Doryph., Coccus cact., Coccionella, Apis, Bell., Bry., Can. s. (more burning and smarting; Canth. more tenesmus); Petros. (sudden urging); Caps; Puls. (retained placenta); Ars. (delayed urination after parturition); Thuja (erections; those of Canth. prevent urination; those of Thuja do not); Merc. (semen mixed with blood); Sarsapar. (urine burns like fire, shreddy particles and blood in it); Arum, Arn., Rhus, Ranunc. scel. (Teste classes Canth. with Senega and Phos. ac. in his Conium group.) ( Cantharis Uses Benefit)


1. Mind.-Dejected and lachrymose humour.-Anxious inquietude, with agitation, which necessitates constant motion.-Want of confidence in one’s self.-Pusillanimity and timidity.-Disposition to be angry, and to fly into a rage.-Paroxysms of rage, with cries, blows, and barkings, renewed on feeling the gullet, and at the sight of water.-Delirium.-Insanity.-Mania, with extravagant acts and gestures.-Constantly attempting to do something, but accomplishing nothing.

2. Head.-Vertigo, with loss of consciousness, and mist before the sight, chiefly in the open air.-Headache, which interrupts sleep at night.-Pressive lancinations in the head, which disappear on walking.-Acute drawing pains in the head, with vertigo.-Congestion in the head.-Throbbing in the brain, and heat, which ascends to the head.-Sensation of burning in the head, as if the interior were raw, with inflammation of the brain.-Drawing, jerking, and gnawing in the bones of the head.-Headache, as if the hair were pulled.-Hair standing on end.-Headache, as if coming from the nape of the neck, and wishing to escape by the forehead.-Burning in the sides of the head, ascending from the neck, with soreness and giddiness; < in the morning and afternoon; when standing or sitting; > when walking or lying down.

3. Eyes.-Pain in the eyes, with sensation as if the eyelids were excoriated, chiefly when they are opened.-Inflammation of the eyes, with burning smarting.-Yellowish colour of the eyes.-Prominence, and convulsive movements of the eyes; fiery, sparkling, staring look.-Objects seemed to be tinged with a yellow hue.

4. Ears.-Inflammation and burning heat of the ears.

5. Nose.-Swelling of the nose, even in the interior, with redness and burning heat.-Erysipelatous inflammation of the dorsum of the nose, extending to the cheeks (r.) with hardness and subsequent desquamation.-Fetid and sickly smell before the nose.-Coryza of long duration, and catarrh, with copious flow of viscid mucus from the nose.

6. Face.-Paleness of the face.-Face hollow, hippocratic, with features which express anguish and despair.-Yellowish colour of the face.-Erysipelatous inflammation and desquamation of the cheeks.-Burning redness and swelling of the face.-Swelling at one side of the face (r.), with tension.-Swelling and inflammation of the lips.-Fissure and exfoliation of the lips.-Trismus.

7. Teeth.-Toothache, generally drawing, < by eating.-Fistula in the gums.-Ulceration of the gums.

8. Mouth.-Taste of cedar pitch in the mouth.-Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the mouth.-Inflammation of the mouth and pharynx.-Inflammation and suppuration of the tonsils, with inability to swallow.-Burning in the mouth, extending down the pharynx, oesophagus and stomach; < from drinking cold water.-Phlegmonous inflammation of the interior of the cheek.-Aphthae in the mouth.-Frothy salivation, with streaks of blood.-Foam at the mouth.-Coagulated blood coming from the mouth.-Inflammatory swelling and suppuration of the tongue.-Suppuration of the gums.-Fistula dentalis (suppurating) (upper incisors).-Weakness of the organs of speech, and languid diction.

9. Throat.-Sore throat, on swallowing.-Difficult deglutition, with strangulation in the throat, and nocturnal regurgitation of food.-Impeded deglutition, esp. in the case of liquids.-Burning in the throat, on swallowing.-Inflammation and ulceration of the tonsils and of the throat; with inability to swallow.-Burning pains in the throat, < by drinking water.

10. Appetite.-Loss of taste.-Taste of pitch in the mouth and in the throat.-Thirst, from dryness of the lips, with repugnance to all drinks.-Want of appetite, with disgust and repugnance to all sorts of food.

11. Stomach.-Risings, with burning sensation, as if from pyrosis, aggravated by drinking.-Sob-like risings, which seem to take an inverse direction and to return towards the stomach.-Vomiting of undigested food.-Vomiting of bilious and slimy substances, or of blood.-Great sensitiveness of the precordial region.-Pressive fulness, with anxiety and inquietude in the stomach.-Smarting and burning pains in the stomach.-Inflammation of the stomach.


12. Abdomen.-Pains in abdomen, after taking coffee.-Inflammation of the liver.-Shootings and contraction in r. hypochondrium.-Great sensibility of the abdomen to the touch.-Burning pain in the abdomen, from the gullet to the rectum.-Burning pain above the navel, on coughing, on sneezing, on blowing the nose, with yellowish spots on the part affected.-Inflammation of the intestines.-Dropsical swelling of the abdomen.-Incarceration of flatulency under the hypochondria.

13. Stool and Anus.-Constipation and hard faeces.-Diarrhoea, with evacuation of frothy matter, or of greenish mucus, with cutting pains after the evacuation and burning pains in the rectum.-During stool, burning in the anus; prolapsus ani.-After stool, chilliness and tenesmus.-Dysenteric diarrhoea, with nocturnal evacuation of whitish mucus, and of solid pieces, like false membranes, with streaks of blood.-Sanguineous evacuations.

14. Urinary Organs.-Retention of urine, with cramp-like pains in the bladder.-Urgent and ineffectual efforts to make water, with painful emission, drop by drop.-Difficult emission of urine, in a weak and scattered stream.-Increased secretion of urine.-Urine, pale yellow, or of a deep red colour.-Flow of sanguineous mucus from the bladder.-Emission of blood, drop by drop.-Purulent urine.-Burning smarting, on making water.-Incisive pains in the front part of the urethra, during the emission of urine, and afterwards.-Sharp, tearing, and incisive pains, successive pullings and pulsations in the urinary organs.-Burning, stinging and tearing in the kidneys.-Pressing pain in the kidneys, extending to the bladder; along the ureters; relieved by pressing upon the glans.-Inflammation and ulceration of the kidneys, of the bladder, and of the urethra.-Exceedingly painful sensibility of the region of the bladder on its being touched.

15. Male Sexual Organs.-Draggings in the spermatic cord, on making water.-Inflammation and gangrene of the genital parts.-Painful swelling of the testes.-Sexual desire greatly increased, with painful, frequent erections (with gonorrhoea), of long continuance, as in priapismus.-Ready emission, during amorous caresses.-Spermatorrhoea.-After coition, burning pain in the urethra.

16. Female Sexual Organs.-Catamenia premature and too copious, with black blood and pains during the flow.-Voiding of moles, of foetus, and of placentae.-Inflammation of the ovaries.-Swelling of the cervix uteri.-Corrosive leucorrhoea, with burning sensation on making water, and excitement of sexual desire.

17. Respiratory Organs.-Hoarseness, with painful rattling of viscid mucus, copious, and coming from the chest, and with incisive shootings in the trachea.-Oppression of breathing, with sensation of constriction of the pharynx.-Stitches in the chest during air inspiration. (Inflammation of the lungs.).-Inflammation of the larynx.-Sensation of excessive weakness in the organs of respiration, on speaking and on breathing deeply.-Voice feeble, timid, and trembling.

18. Chest.-Respiration rendered difficult and oppressed by constriction of the throat, and dryness of the nose.-Suspension of respiration in going up a hill, with rattling in the chest and nausea.-Shootings in the chest, and in the sides.-Burning pains in the chest, from whence small clots of blood are at times detached.-Palpitation of the heart.

20. Neck and Back.-Stiffness in the nape of the neck, with tension when bending it over.-Acute drawing pains in the back.-Tearing in the back (after rising from a seat).-Sensation of constriction in the spine.-Emprosthotonos and opisthotonos.

21. Limbs.-Weakness and swelling of limbs.-Dropsical swelling of hands and feet.-Cold sweat of hands and feet.

22. Upper Limbs.-Acute tractive pains in the arms.-Want of strength in the hands.-Eczematous eruption on dorsum of hand and between fingers, itching and burning fearfully, < from cold water, > from warmth.

23. Lower Limbs.-Pains in the hips, with spasmodic sufferings in the urinary passages.-Acute tractive, piercing pains, in the legs, from the feet to the hips.-Trembling of the legs.-Darting pain from r. foot to r. side of h cad in paroxysms.

24. Generalities.-Burning pains, as from excoriation, in all the cavities of the body.-Acute shootings towards the interior in different parts.-Drawing, arthritic pains in the limbs, with affection of the urinary ducts, mitigated by rubbing.-Violent pains, with groans and lamentations.-Sensation of dryness in the joints.-Want of flexibility of the whole body.-Dejection and weakness, with excessive sensibility in all parts of the body, trembling, and desire to lie down.-Prostration of strength, proceeding even to paralysis.-Convulsions, tetanus.-The sufferings show themselves chiefly on the r. side, and are mitigated in a recumbent posture.-The symptoms are renewed every seven days.

25. Skin.-Itching vesicles, with burning pain on being touched.-Blisters, from burns.-Erysipelatous inflammations.-Acute drawing pains in ulcers, with increased suppuration.

26. Sleep.-Great drowsiness, esp. in the afternoon, with yawnings and stretching.-Sleeplessness without apparent cause.-At night, half sleep, with frequent waking.

27. Fever.-Pulse hard, full and rapid.-Fever, which manifests itself only by cold.-Cold and shivering, with cutis anserina and paleness of the face.-Thirst only after the shivering.-Perspiration; cold, esp. on the hands and feet; on the genitals.-Sweat, of the smell of urine.-Pulsation through the trembling limbs.

Cantharis Uses Benefit

Cough, Coughing, Dry Cough, Whooping Cough, Allergy Cough


Cough – Coughing – dry Cough- whooping Cough

Presenting problems in respiratory disease. Cough – Coughing – dry Cough- whooping Cough


Cough is the most frequent symptom of respiratory disease and is caused by stimulation of sensory nerves in the mucosa of the pharynx, larynx, trachea and bronchi.

Acute sensitisation of the normal cough reflex occurs in a number of conditions and it is typically induced by changes in air temperature or exposure to irritants, such as cigarette smoke or perfumes. Distinguishing characteristics of various causes of cough.

The explosive quality of a normal cough is lost in patients with respiratory muscle paralysis or vocal cord palsy.

Paralysis of a single vocal cord gives rise to a prolonged, low-pitched, inefficient ‘bovine’ cough accompanied by hoarseness.

Coexistence ofan inspiratory noise (stridor) indicates partial obstruction of a major airway (e.g. laryngeal oedema, tracheal tumour, scarring, compression or inhaled foreign body) and requires urgent investigation and treatment.

Sputum production is common in patients with acute or chronic cough, and its nature and appearance can provide clues to the aetiology (p. 546).

Causes of Cough, Cough – Coughing – dry Cough- whooping Cough

Acute transient cough is most commonly caused by viral lower respiratory tract infection, post-nasal drip resulting from rhinitis or sinusitis, aspiration of a foreign body, or throat-clearing secondary to laryngitis or pharyngitis.

When cough occurs in the context of more serious diseases, such as pneumonia, aspiration, congestive heart failure or pulmonary embolism, it is usually easy to diagnose from other clinical features.

Patients with chronic cough present more of a challenge, especially when physical examination, chest X-ray and lung function studies are normal.

In this context, it is most often explained by cough-variant asthma (where cough may be the principal or exclusive clinical manifestation), post-nasal drip secondary to nasal or sinus disease, or gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) with aspiration.

Diagnosis of the latter may require oesophageal pH monitoring or a prolonged trial of anti-reflux therapy . Between 10% and 15% of patients (particularly women) taking angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors develop a drug-induced chronic cough.

Bordetella pertussis infection in adults can result in cough lasting up to 3 months. While most patients with lung cancer have an abnormal chest X-ray on presentation, fibreoptic bronchoscopy or thoracic CT is advisable in most adults (especially smokers) with otherwise unexplained cough of recent onset, as this may reveal a small endobronchial tumour or unexpected foreign body . In a small percentage of patients, dry cough may be the presenting feature of interstitial
lung disease.

Cough – Coughing – dry Cough- whooping Cough

Reference : Davidson’s

Colocynth, Colocynthis Uses By Dr. Cyrus Maxwell Boger

colocynth, colocynthis -
colocynth, colocynthis -

Colocynth – Colocynthis

Mind Symptoms of Colocynth or Colocynthis :

Anxious depression with surliness and disinclination to talk. Anxiety and restlessness.

Colocynth, Colocynthis
Colocynth, Colocynthis

Tearfulness. Inclination to concealed grief or vexation with indignation. Inclination to escape. (Colocynth – Colocynthis -Uses)

Head Symptoms of Colocynthis :

Pressive ache in forehead, worse stooping and lying on back. Attacks of gouty unilateral squeezing pain, with nausea and vomiting, daily about five PM

Eyes Symptoms of Colocynth :

Burning cutting in. Acrid tears.

Face Symptoms of Colocynth or Colocynthis :

Pale and flaccid, with sunken eyes. Dark red. prosopalgia, tearing, crampy pain in one – half of.

Throat Symptoms of Colocynth or Colocynthis :

Spasm in pharynx, with empty eructations and palpitation.

Stomach Symptoms of Colocynth:

Pressure, with feeling of hunger.

AppetiteSymptoms of Colocynthis :

Great craving for water, without thirst.

Taste Symptoms of Colocynthis :

Flat, in mouth after every drink. Bitter, of all food.

Abdomen Symptoms of Colocynthis :

Extraordinary, colicky, crampy pain in, necessitating bending double, with anxiety and restlessness. Constriction of intestines.

Frequent, violent, squeezing or cutting as with knives in, with tearing extending into thighs and chill.

Tympanites, with pain in belly, as though’ intestines were squeezed between stones. Bruised feeling and great sensitiveness of.

Violent motion, coffee and tobacco better the abdominal pains, but all other foods worse them.

Stool Symptoms of Colocynthis :

Constipation, with retarded stool during pregnancy. Diarrhoea: Foamy, sourish, and offensive, dysenteric, of mucus, and blood with tenesmus of anus. Diarrhoea and vomiting after all food. Diarrhoea with bellyache.

Anus Symptoms of Colocynthis :

Painfully swollen hemorrhoids, and in rectum. Paralysis of sphincter ani.

Urine Symptoms of Colocynthis :

Diminished secretion. Intensely offensive, it quickly becomes thick, gelatinous and sticky. Ineffectual urging to urinate. During pain there is profuse, watery urination.

Sexual Organs Symptoms of Colocynthis :

Complete impotency. Retraction of foreskin behind glands. (Priapism.)

Respiration Symptoms of Colocynthis :

Nightly attacks of shortness of, r. as from compression of chest.

Cough Symptoms of Colocynthis :

Dry hacking, from irritation in larynx. Smoking tobacco immediately excites a persistent cough.

Chest Symptoms of Colocynthis :

Painful nodes in female mammae.

Back Symptoms of Colocynthis :

Tensive pain in, and in scapulae, extending into throat.

Upper Extremities Symptoms of Colocynthis :

Swelling and suppuration of axillary glands. Crampy pain in hands and fingers.

Lower Extremities Symptoms of Colocynth or Colocynthis :

Sciatica, tensive pain in hips, extending from kidneys down into thighs, with a sensation as if hip joint were fastened in iron clamps.

Pain in thighs, as if psoas muscles were too short, where walking. Stiff knee, which hinders crouching down.

Generalities Symptoms of Colocynth or Colocynthis :

Tearing stitches lengthwise though’ entire body. Crampy pain in contraction of internal and external parts. Stiff joints. Muscular twitchings.

Shortened tendons. The limbs are drawn up so that he resembles a hedgehog. Fainting, with cold external parts. Stiff joints. Muscular twitchings.

Shortened tendons. The limbs are drawn up so that he resembles a hedgehog. Fainting, with cold external parts.

After effects of chagrin and indignation combined with silent internal grief. Worse:Night, in bed. Better: After rising, gentle motion in warm room.

Tissues Symptoms of Colocynth or Colocynthis :

Painful swelling and suppuration of glands.

Skin Symptoms of Colocynth or Colocynthis :

Itching over entire body, with great restlessness, especially in evening in bed, followed by sweat. Desquamation, over whole body.

Fever Symptoms of Colocynth or Colocynthis :

Pulse: Generally full, hard and accelerated, seldom small and weak, Strong throbbing in all blood vessels.

Chill, And coldness of entire body, often with heat of face. Either cold hands or soles of feet, with warmth of rest of body.

Chill and shuddering with the pains. Heat: Dry external Sense of internal, with attacks of external overrunning heat.

Sweat: At night, of a urinous odor, causing itching of skin. Especially on head and extremities.


Allied Remedies: Bell., Bry., Conn., Caust., Cham. COFF., Mag-c., Merc-c., Phyt., Rhe., Sec-c., STAPH.

COLOCYNTH, COLOCYNTHIS, What is Colocynth ? By Dr. J T Kent


COLOCYNTH, COLOCYNTHIS, What is Colocynth ? By Dr. J T Kent

The principal feature of Colocynth is its severe, tearing, neuralgic pains; so severe that the patient is unable to keep still. Sometimes they are > by motion at least it appears that they are worse during rest > by pressure and sometimes > by heat. Pains occur in the face, abdomen; along the course of the nerves. (Colocynth, Colocynthis, what Is Colocynth).


These pains are often due to a very singular cause, namely, anger with indignation. Hence persons who are haughty and easily offended or chagrined have Colocynth complaints. Anger will be followed by violent neuralgia in the head, eyes, down the spine and in the intestines. (Colocynth, Colocynthis, what Is Colocynth).

In spite of extreme restlessness there is great weakness with the pains. A patient suffering with: chronic diarrhoea, with severe colic, will sometimes become so weak that he can hardly speak. A feeling of faintness, or even fainting, is by no means an unusual concomitant of the pains. Griping occurs along the course of nerves, and in some cases numbness, pricking and tingling, like the crawling of ants in the part affected.

With many doctors Colocynth is a routine remedy for sciatica; and only when it fails do they take the symptoms of the case in order to find the remedy that is indicated. There is no excuse for such practice. Where the pain is better from hard pressure and from heat, where it is worse during repose and drives the patient to despair, Colocynth will generally cure. But it is not indicated in all cases. Some remedies select the muscles and tendons, some the bones and periosteum, while others select the great nerve trunks in which to manifest their symptoms. The pains of Colocynth appear, as a rule, in the larger nerves.

The mental symptoms are not very striking. As soon as the prover of Colocynth begins to have pains along the course of nerves he becomes irritable; everything vexes him ; he is worse from vexation. Screams with the pains. Walks about the room and becomes increasingly anxious as the pain goes on. Disinclined to talk or to answer, or to see friends. His friends irritate him and he wants to be alone. He has all he can do to stand those terrible pains.

Vomiting and diarrhoea frequently come with the pains, especially if they are in the abdomen. Colic comes on in paroxysms that grow in intensity. The patient becomes increasingly nauseated until finally he vomits and he continues to retch after the stomach is empty. (Colocynth , Colocynthis what Is Colocynth)

Colocynth produces a state in the nervous system like that found in individuals who have for years been laboring under annoyances and vexations. A man whose business affairs have been going wrong becomes irritable and nervous exhaustion follows. A woman who must watch her unfaithful husband night and day to keep him away from other women gradually assumes a sensitive irritable state of mind, and is upset by the least provocation. This is the state of the Colocynth prover.

You will seldom find this medicine indicated in strong, vigorous, healthy people who have suddenly become sick. It is more likely to be in the constitution just described, and those who are in the habit of overeating. We find tearing pains in the scalp, brought on by anger, exhaustion; pains that are better from pressure and heat, and worse when not in motion.

Constant, gnawing pains in the head. Painful, tearing, digging through the whole brain, becoming unbearable when moving the eyelids. Intense pain through the whole head; worse from moving the eyes. Severe, pressing, tearing headache, causing her to cry out. (Colocynth Colocynthis what Is Colocynth).


Intermittent headache in those of a rheumatic, gouty or nervous diathesis. Pain tearing and screwing together. Violent periodical or intermittent headache. Such are some of the expressions in the text. But the particular character of the pain is not as important as the circumstances that are likely to cause it and the conditions in which the patient has been living. Knowing the life of a patient affords much knowledge of the patient himself.

The same violent neuralgic pains are found in the eye. Rheumatic iritis, worse in the evening and night. Severe, burning, cutting and sticking pains in the eye. Burning is more characteristic of the pains of the eyes than of other parts of the head and face.

Sharp, cutting stabs; pressing pains. The faceache is especially important, because Colocynth is one of the most frequently indicated remedies for neuralgia of this region. There are three remedies which are indicated in faceache more often than any others, Belladonna, Magnesia phosphorica and Colocynth. The Belladonna pains are as violent as any, and are accompanied by red face, flashing eyes, hot head, and great sensitiveness of the part to touch. In Colocynth the pains come in waves, are better from heat, from pressure, worse if anything during rest, and are brought on by excitement or vexation. They are generally on the left side; while those of Belladonna are on the right, and are caused by cold.

Magnesia phosphorica has tearing and pains that shoot like lightning along the nerves and are relieved by heat and pressure. The expression of the Colocynth face is one of anxiety from the severity of the suffering. No matter where the pain is the face is distorted. Finally, it becomes pale and the cheeks become blue. Tearing pains in the cheek-bones, or more correctly, in the infra orbital nerve where it emerges from the foramen. Sometimes this pain feels like a hot wire, sometimes like a cold nail, and sometimes it is tearing, burning or stinging.

Frequently it spreads over the face, following the ramifications of the small branches of the nerve, usually on the left side. The patient cries out and is very restless.

Tearing or burning pain extending to the ear and head. All pains are better from pressure, but this is in the beginning. After the pain has been going for several days with increasing severity, the part becomes very sensitive and pressure cannot be endured. Aversion to food. Violent thirst. Colic brought on from drinking while overheated ; from eating indigestible things, from high living; colic from eating potatoes. Potatoes and starchy foods disagree with the Colocynth patient like Alumina. The vomiting of Colocynth is different from that of most other remedies. Nausea does not appear at first, but when the pain becomes sufficiently intense nausea and vomiting begin, the contents of the stomach are ejected, and the patient continues to retch until the severity of the suffering decreases.

The stomach pains are clutching, cramping and digging, as if grasped by the fingers. Similar pains occur lower down in the abdomen, but they are still better from hard pressure, and from doubling up which amounts to pressure come on in paroxysms of increasing severity, until the patient is nauseated and vomits, and are associated with great restlessness and faint, sinking feeling at the pit of the stomach. The victim bends down over the back of a chair, or over the foot-board, if unable to get out of bed.


In the Guiding Symptoms we find several pages of repetitions, showing how extensively this medicine is applicable in abdominal complaints where these symptoms are present. It would be well to read them. The pains in the lower part of the abdomen are relieved by drawing up the limbs and pressing with the fists. In the violent ovarian neuralgias of Colocynth, thewoman will flex the limb of the painful side hard against the abdomen and hold it there.

The physician asks: “What has happened to give you these pains?’ Her answer is likely to be: “My servant spilled some dirty water on a handsome rug, we had some words over it, and this is the result.” Colic from anger with indignation; better from bending double and worse in the upright position, while standing or bending backwards.

Colic of infants when they are relieved by lying on the stomach as soon as the position is changed they begin to scream again. The same symptoms accompany the diarrhoea and dysentery. The stools consist of white mucus, are thick, ropy and jelly-like; at times bloody. At first they may be copious, strong smelling, pappy, and later watery, yellow, scanty and almost inodorous.

Diarrhoea and dysentery from anger with indignation; the most awful tenesmus during stool; urging to stool with colic. Eating ever so little, brings on the colic, urging and stool. Watery stools after eating. Many of these cases find relief from heat and the warmth of the bed.

Colocynth,Colocynthis, Clinical, Characteristics, Symptoms, Uses, Doses


Colocynth, Colocynthis, Clinical, Characteristics, Symptoms, Uses, Doses

Common Name of Colocynth or Colocynthis :

Citrullus colocynthis. Cucumis colocynthis. Bitter Apple. N. O. Cucurbitaceae. Native of Turkey. Tincture of pulp of fruit.

Clinical Symptoms of Colocynth, Colocynthis :

Cataract. Ciliary neuralgia. Colic. Coxalgia. Diabetes. Diarrhoea. Dysentery. Dysmenorrhoea. Glaucoma. Headache. Hoarseness. Menstrual colic. Neuralgia. Ovaries, affections of. Paraphimosis. Peritonitis. Rheumatism. Sciatica. Toothache. Tumours. Uterus, pains in. Vagina, pains in.

Characteristics Symptoms of Colocynth or Colocynthis

“The strongest characteristic calling for the use of this remedy is an agonising pain in the abdomen causing the patient to bend over double.
Relief is obtained by motion, such as twisting, turning and wriggling around, and the motion is kept up steadily while the pain lasts; the pain is < by eating or drinking the least amount.
This pain may occur alone, or in the dysentery, cholera, &c. The doubling over of the patient is the chief characteristic” (Guernsey).
The patient bends double or presses something hard against the abdomen. He leans over chairs, the table, or bedposts to get relief.
According to Nash Mag. Phos. comes nearest to it in colic and neuralgic affections.
Cham. is also very close, both having colic from disturbing emotions, but the Cham. child does not double up, it tosses about. The Staph.
patient is likely to have black or decayed teeth and sore eyelids, and there is chronic tendency to colic. Verat. has colic > bending double, but it has also cold sweat.
Dioscorea has wind colic, but is > by stretching out. The Stan. child wants to be carried with the abdomen on the mother’s shoulder.
The nearest analogue to Colocynthis in its entire action on the human body is its botanical congener Bryonia, with which it should be compared.
Both have the same general features-pain in muscles, nerves, and joints, gastro-enteric disturbance, and the same condition in regard to rheumatic joints, < by movement.
Both have great irritability and ailments from mental emotion, though the latter feature is more marked in Colocynth.
Arthritis and gouty headaches with ophthalmia, facial neuralgic pains extending to eye.
Coloc. has diarrhoea from grief, indignation or chagrin. Suppressed lochia from indignation.
Diabetes with milky, gelatinous, or colloid urine. The characteristic griping of Coloc., forcing the patient to bend double,
may be accompanied by cramps in other parts, which may occur with or without stool; if a stool occurs it gives immediate relief (Nux the opposite); any attempt to eat or drink by rest.
Abdominal pains are > by violent exertion. > Lying with head bent forward. Rheumatic pain in the limbs is > by discharge of flatus. Touch many of the pains.
Warmth > most pains. < Evening and night. Coloc. has, like Lyc., Helleb., and Caust., a 4 p.m. aggravation. One prover had: “At 4 p.m. the colic came on, six days in succession.” This has been verified clinically.
Coloc. is suited to blondes; persons of choleric temperament; and those liable to cramps and colic, from fruit, lead-poisoning, or excessive venery.

Symptoms of Colocynth or Colocynthis :

1. Mind:

Mental dejection with taciturnity.-Aversion to talk; disinclined to answer questions.-Inclined to be angry and indignant.Lachrymose humour.-Anxiety and inquietude, with an inclination to run away.Want of religious feeling.-Disinclined to occupy oneself, even averse to visit his otherwise well-liked friends.

2. Head:

Easy intoxication (from drinking beer).-Vertigo, which occasions falling, on turning the head quickly, with tottering of the knees.
Headache, as from a draught of air, which is dissipated by walking in the open air.-Compressive pain in the sinciput, aggravated by stooping, or lying on the back.
Pressing pain in the forehead and root of the nose, as if a coryza would appear.
Attacks of semi-lateral headache, drawing and cramp like, or pressive, with nausea and vomiting, sometimes daily, towards five o’clock in the afternoon.
Pain in the forehead and in the eyes, as if proceeding from the outside inwards.
Headache with violent pains, which do not permit a recumbent posture, and occasion cries or weeping.
Attacks of headache, followed by suffocation.-Congestion in the head.-Burning pain in the skin of the forehead, and the scalp.
Heat in the head.-Profuse perspiration on the head, itching, smelling like urine (also on the hands, thighs, and feet); worse at night in bed; relieved after rising and walking in the warm room.
3. Eyes.-Sensitive pressure in the eyes, esp. when stooping.-Obscuration of the sight.
Great white light at side of and below r. eye.-Shimmering circle with rays before r. eye.-Inflammation of the eyes.-Burning and incisive pains, and shootings in the eyes (and forehead).
Eyes feel hard.-Aching in upper and outer portions of r. eyeball in evening, < by rubbing it with finger; it feels harder than usual there; this aching lasted some days.
Smarting in eyes; painfulness of eyeballs.-Pressive feeling in orbits, towards root of nose.-Painful pressure in eyeballs, esp. on stooping.
Pains in eyes, sharp cutting in r. eyeball.-Stitches as with knives in r. eyeball, extending to root of nose.
Pain as from pressure on both eyelids from above downward.-External strabismus of r. eye, with smarting lachrymation.-Dryness; burning; smarting; lachrymation.-Discharge of acrid serum from the eyes.

4. Ears:

Warmth in r. ear.-Obstruction before l. ear.-Itching, sticking deep in ear, extending from Eustachian tube to tympanum; > by boring in ear with finger.-Crawling within ear > by boring.-Difficult hearing; everything heard is accompanied by a roaring noise.-Constant roaring and throbbing in both ears, esp. l.

5. Nose:

Fluent coryza.-Severe burning above the nose.-Throbbing burrowing pain in nose extending from l. side to root.

6. Face:

Pale and wasted face, with downcast (sunken) eyes.-Tensive, tearing, burning or shooting pains (prosopalgia) in the face, often on l. side only, and extending to the ears and into the head.
Cramp-like sensation in the l. malar bone, extending into l. eye.-Scabs on the face.-Face of a deep red colour (during the fever).-Face puffed, with heat and redness of l. cheek, and tearing pains.

8. Mouth:

Pains in the teeth, as if the nerve were pulled or stretched.-Pulsative pains in the teeth on l. side.-Burning at the tip of the tongue.-Sensation as if the tongue had been scalded by some hot fluid.
Roughness of the tongue.-Tongue loaded with a white or yellow coating.-Cramps in the gullet, with empty eructations and palpitations of the heart.

11. Stomach;

Diminished appetite, without thirst, though accompanied by a strong desire for drink, with a sickly taste in the mouth.-Constant nausea with risings.-Bitter taste in the mouth, and of all food and drink.
Colic and diarrhoea, however little is eaten.-Pains in the stomach sometimes after a meal.-Vomiting of food, or of greenish matter.-Vomiting, with diarrhoea.
Painful sensitiveness of the epigastrium to the touch.-Violent pressure on the stomach (with sensation of hunger), and in the precordial region.

12. Abdomen.

Inflation of the abdomen, as from tympanitis.-Feeling in the whole abdomen as if the intestines were being squeezed between stones.-Cramp-like pain and constriction in the intestines, esp. after a fit of anger.
Excessively violent colic, with incisive, cramp-like, or contractive pains, which compel the patient to bend double (< in any other position), with restlessness in the whole body, and with a sensation of shuddering in the face, which seems to proceed from the abdomen.
Pain in the abdomen when walking (navel).-Colic, with cramps in the calves of the legs.-Colic, as if from a chill.-Colic after a meal.-The colic and abdominal pains are relieved by bending double, by violent exercise, by coffee and tobacco-smoke; every other food or drink causes an aggravation.
Pinching, and sensation of clawing in the abdomen, mitigated by violent exertion.-Cuttings and shootings in the abdomen, as from knives, with shiverings and tearings along the legs.-Great sensibility, soreness, and sensation of emptiness in the abdomen.-Grumbling in the abdomen.-Inguinal hernia.

13. Stool and Anus:

Constipation, and evacuations retarded (during pregnancy).-Loose evacuations of a greenish yellow, frothy and of a sour smell, putrid or mouldy.-Slimy diarrhoea.-Sanguineous evacuations.-Dysenterical evacuations, with colic.-During the evacuation, contraction in the rectum.-Painful swelling of the haemorrhoidal tumours of the anus, and of the rectum.-Discharge of blood from the rectum, with stinging, burning pain in the small of the back and anus (daily).-Haemorrhage from the anus.-Paralysis of the sphincter ani.

14. Urinary Organs:

Tenesmus of the bladder, with but small discharges.-Diminished secretion of urine.-Abundant discharge of urine of a bright colour, during the pains.-Urine (like that in dropsy after scarlet fever) of a faint flesh colour, with a white-brown flocculent, transparent sediment, depositing on the chamber small, red, hard, solid crystals, which adhere firmly to the vessel.-Fetid urine, which soon becomes thick, gelatinous, and glutinous.-Itching at the orifice of the urethra, with desire to urinate.-Burning in the urethra after micturition.

15. Male Sexual Organs:

Sensation as if everything were flowing towards the genital parts, from both sides of the abdomen, occasioning a discharge of semen.-Excitement of sexual desire, as in priapism.-Complete impotence.-Retraction of the prepuce behind the glans.

16. Female Sexual Organs:

Cramp-like pain in l. ovary; in uterus; as if parts were squeezed in a vice.-Ovarian cyst, paroxysm of acute pain in abdomen, sacrum, and hip, > by flexing thigh on pelvis.-Metritis; metrorrhagia; suppressed catamenia, with cramping pains > by bending double; or caused by indignation or chagrin.-Stitches in the ovaries.-Lochia suppressed; puerperal fever after vexation.-Painful nodosities in the mammae.

17. Respiratory Organs:

Small dry cough, excited by irritation in the larynx, or by tobacco smoke.-Constriction in the larynx, which induces frequent deglutition with oppressed breathing; > in the open air.-Fits of asthma at night.

18. Chest:

Oppression of the chest, as if it were compressed.

19. Heart:

Palpitation of the heart.-Stitches in cardiac region.

20. Neck and Back:

Tension in the neck and shoulder-blades.-Drawing pains in the back, as if the muscles were stretched.-Great weakness in the back, esp. in the small of the back, with pressing headache (morning).-Congestion and suppuration of the axillary glands; subsultus of muscles.

22. Upper Limbs:

Bruise-like pain in the joint of the shoulder, esp. after a fit of passion.-Aching, pressive, and shooting pain in the arms.-Cramp-like pain in the hands, which with difficulty suffers the fingers to be opened; < when at rest.-Pulling in the tendons of the thumbs.

23. Lower Limbs:

Pain in the coxo-femoral joint, as if it were fastened with an iron clasp, the pelvis and sacral region, with pains extending from the lumbar region to the legs.-Tensive lancination, in the lumbar region and of the hips, esp. when lying on the back.-Pain (in the r. thigh) while walking, as if the psoas muscles were too short; on stooping it ceased, but began again when he commenced to walk.-(Spontaneous dislocation of the coxo-femoral joint.).
Want of flexibility in the knee, which prevents the bending of it.-Cramps in the legs.-Shootings in the legs, esp. during repose.-Stitches in the knee-joints.-Sensation of coldness in the knees (in the morning).-Great heaviness and trembling of the legs.-The feet go to sleep (first the l., then the r. foot).-Swelling of the feet.-Tearing in the soles of the feet during repose.

24. Generalities:

Semi-lateral pains.-Painful cramps, and cramp-like contractions, in the internal or external parts.-Sensation as though stones were being ground together in the abdomen, working upon the soft parts.-Contraction of the tendons in some parts only, or throughout the body, with a drawing up of all the limbs.-Twitching of the muscles.-Stiffness in all the joints.-Tearing shootings, traversing the whole body longitudinally.-Physical depression while walking in the open air.-Fainting, with coldness of the external parts.-Swelling of various parts, with oppression of breathing.-Pulsations through the body.-Burning pains.

25. Skin Symptoms of Colocynth or Colocynthis:

Troublesome itching, with great restlessness in the whole body, esp. in the evening in bed, followed by perspiration.-Desquamation of the skin over the whole body.-Carbuncles, with continuous burning pain.-Small ulcers, with itching and burning.-Eruptions which resemble scabies.-Skin hot and dry.

26. Sleep ( Colocynth Colocynthis ):

Disturbed sleep at night (by dreams).-Sleepiness, alternately with delirium, with the eyes open.-Sleeplessness following a fit of indigestion.-Very wakeful and sleepless.-Lying on the back when asleep, with one hand under the occiput.-Frequent vivid and lascivious dreams.

27. Fever:

Cold and shivering, with heat in the face, without thirst.-Coldness of the hands and soles of the feet, while the rest of the body is warm.-Pulse hard, full and quick.-Strong pulsation in the arteries.-External dry heat.-Internal heat, with attacks of flushes of heat.-Nocturnal sweat, of the smell of urine, on the head, hands, legs, and feet, causing itching of the skin.-Perspiration principally on the head and on the extremities.

Relations of Colocynth or Colocynthis:

Coloc. is antidoted by:

Camph., Caust., Cham., Coff., Op., Staph.
Large doses are counteracted by tepid milk, infusion of galls, Camph., and Op.

It antidotes:

Caust., Magnes. Compatible: Staph., Cham.


Merc. (dysentery) with much tenesmus).


Bry. (nearest analogue), Elater., Cucurbita pepo. Diosc. (griping, tearing, cutting, spasmodic pains in body, but > stretching body and motion); Dig. (paraphimosis); Caust. (Joint rheumatism; follows Coloc. in colic); eyes feel hard, Can. ind.; Canth., Cham., Chel.;
Chi. (beer intoxicates easily); Coccul., Gamb., Lyc., Merc.; Nux; Plumb. (inclination to assume strange attitudes in bed). Staph. (anger with vexation, abdominal pains, neuralgia-they follow one another well); Verat.; Pul. (hoarseness 4 p.m.). From emotions, Cham., Bry., Gels., Pho. ac. Ign.; stiffness of knee-joints and all joints, Colch.; stiffness after acute rheumatism, hinders squatting, Graph. Compare also Guaiac.; Crot. tig.Causation:Anger. Indignation. Chagrin. Grief. Catching cold.

Chelidonium, Chelidonium Majus, Uses, Doses, By Dr. James Tyler Kent

Chelidonium Majus
Chelidonium Majus

Chelidonium Chelidonium Majus

Chelidonium is a remedy more suitable for acute diseases, though it cures certain chronic conditions. It is not a very deep acting remedy. It is about like Bryonia in its general plane, length and depth, of action. It has been used principally in gastric and intestinal catarrhs, in acute and semi-chronic liver troubles, and in right-sided pneumonia. The skin is likely to be sallow, and gradually increases to a marked jaundice in connection with these complaints. Semi-chronic gastritis, with jaundice. “Gastro-duodenal catarrh. Congestion and soreness in the liver, with jaundice. Right-sided pneumonia, complicated with liver troubles, or jaundice.” This remedy seems to act throughout the system, but almost always along with it the liver is involved, and it is suitable for what the old people and the doctors called “biliousness.” The patient is generally bilious, has nausea and vomiting. Distension of the veins. Yellowish grey colour of the skin.

Chelidonium Majus
Chelidonium Majus

Very few mental symptoms have been brought out in its proving, not enough to give us a good idea of the desires and aversions. We do not get a clear idea of the intellectual faculties. It needs further proving, yet in many regions it has had superabundance of proving. “Sadness and anxiety.” Brooding over some sort of trouble generally runs through the mental state. “Anxiety, allowing no rest,” keeping the patient uneasy day and night. Sadness, as if she had committed a crime; as if some dreadful thing was going to happen. So sad that she thinks she must die. Weeping despondency. Distaste for mental exertion and conversation. If you examine those medicines that act primarily upon the liver, that slow down the action of the liver, you will find the word “melancholia.” With heart troubles, great excitement. With liver troubles, slowing down of the mental state, inability of the mind to work, sluggishness of the mind, inability to think, inability to meditate, slow pulse. Sluggishness of the whole economy. The sensorium is very commonly disturbed, and the patient is dizzy. “Things go round in a circle.” Dizziness comes, and it does not let up until nausea, and sometimes vomiting, follows. “So much turning in the head that he vomits. Confusion of mind. Loss of consciousness and fainting.” These are also common features with liver troubles.

The mind symptoms are present more or less with the following liver symptoms: There are pains of a dull aching character, “soreness.” Bruised pains. Tenderness of the liver to touch. Aching pains, that seem to involve the whole right lobe of the liver; creating a sensation of fullness. Pressure upwards, with difficulty of breathing. Pressure downwards, sympathetic with the stomach, with the nausea and vomiting.. And then more intense pain felt under the right scapula. “Dull aching pains under the right scapula; sharp, shooting pains under the right scapula;” these complicate themselves again with pneumonia, with pleurisy. It cures pneumonia and pleurisy; it cures various forms of congestion in the liver, when these pains go from before backward, and seem to be felt through the back. “Stitching in the region of the liver, extending through to back. Hard pains felt through the back.” Some patients will describe these pains as shooting pains; some as tearing pains, and others as sharp pains, going through the right hypochondrium or through the right lobe of the liver to the back. “Pains from the region of the liver, shooting towards the back and shoulders. Spasmodic pain in the region of the liver. Pressing pain in the region of the liver.” In congestion or inflammation, fullness and enlargement, semi-chronic cases, or even acute, this medicine proves suitable for such conditions. The right hypochondrium is tense and painful to pressure.

This remedy has cured gall stone colic. Practitioners, who know how to direct a remedy, relieve gall stone colic in a few minutes. We have remedies that act on the circular fibers of these little tubes, causing them to relax and allow the stone to pass painlessly. In a perfect state of health, of course, there are no stones in the bile that is held in the gall bladder, but this little cystic duct opens its mouth and a little gall stone engages in it, and it creates an irritation by scratching along the mucous membrane of that little tube. When this pain is a shooting, stabbing, tearing, lancinating pain, extending through to the back, Chelidonium will cure it. The instant it relieves the patient says: “Why, what a relief; that pain has gone.” The remedy has relieved that spasm, the little duct opens up and the stone passes out through the ductus communis choledochus. Every remedy that is indicated by the symptoms will cure gall stone colic.

A patient lying in bed, with great heat, extreme sensitiveness, cannot have the body touched, screaming with pain, red face and hot head, with gall stone colic, will be relieved in three minutes by Bell., but that is not at all like this remedy. Natrum sulph. and many other remedies have cured gall stone colic in a few minutes, when the symptoms agreed. (Chelidonium Chelidonium Majus)

Now as to the pneumonia, it is generally of the right side, or right-sided spreading to the left. The right-sidedness is marked, and but small portions of the left lung are involved. The pleura is generally involved, and so there are stitching, tearing pains. One may not practice long before he will find a Chelidonium patient, sitting up in bed with high fever, bending forward upon his elbows, holding himself perfectly still, for this medicine has as much aggravation from motion as Bry. All of the pains are extremely aggravated from motion. This patient is sitting with a pain that transfixes him; he cannot stir, he cannot move without the pain shooting through him like a knife. The next day you will see that his skin is growing yellow. If you see him in the beginning Chelidonium will relieve him and you will prevent that pneumonia. It is not uncommon in children, and it is extremely common in adults. (Chelidonium Chelidonium Majus)

Do not get confused with Bryonia. Both are violently worse from motion. Bryonia wants to lie on the painful side, or wants to lie on the back if the pneumonia is mostly in the posterior part of the right lung. In Chelidonium he is worse from touch and motion. (Chelidonium Chelidonium Majus)

Bell. has that extremely painful, tearing, rending of the right lung with pleurisy, but in Bell., one cannot touch that right side, cannot press it, but must lie on the other side and he cannot move. Cannot stand a jar of the bed, because of the extreme sensitiveness to motion. I mention all three in this particular way because they have some things in common, but the remedies are different. (Chelidonium Chelidonium Majus)

Chelidonium has cough with chest symptoms of the right side, liver affections, and the mental affections that commonly belong to these, violent aggravation from motion. The pains are ameliorated by heat. Pain that extends to the stomach, ameliorated by heat. Mental symptoms ameliorated by eating. Craves hot milk; hot fluids. Eating warm food ameliorates the liver, the chest and stomach symptoms.

“Bilious vomiting. Retching; bilious eructations. Nausea and retching during an attack of anxiety.” These are all commonly present during the complaints described. The pains, when they become severe, seem to strike the stomach and cause vomiting. Ameliorated by something hot. “A feeling of anguish in the pit of the stomach. Persistent pain in the stomach; aggravated by motion and ameliorated by eructations. Constriction and sensitiveness in the pit of the stomach.” These are all aggravated by touch and ameliorated by eating. “Constant aching pain in the stomach, ameliorated by food. Constrictive, pinching pain in the stomach better from drawing up the limbs and lying on the left side, ameliorated by eating.”

It has many eye symptoms. Stitching pains. “Opacity of the cornea.” Inflammations. “Bruised pain in the eyes. Right supra-orbital neuralgia.” In many instances it prefers the right side.

In the face the jaundice is the most marked thing that is expressed; and, then, we have the dirty gray complexion. “Pale, dirty-yellow face.”

The headaches are brought on from heat, unlike the stomach and the liver, and the lungs, etc. The head is aggravated from motion, aggravated from heat, aggravated from a warm room, aggravated from warm applications. There is where it differs from the internal or general state. There are numerous headaches. Periodical bilious sick headaches, with vomiting of bile, brought on from exposure to heat, from being overheated, aggravated from motion, wants to lie perfectly quiet in a dark room, and better from vomiting bile. Old-fashioned bilious sick headaches.

Bilious diarrhoea. Along with jaundice, clay-like, pale, faecal, puttylike stool. Bileless stool. Stool too light colored. Stool quite white in children. Diarrhoea and constipation alternate. Stool brown, white, watery, green mucus, thin, pasty, bright yellow, or grey tinged with yellow. Hoarseness. “While coughing, pain in the larynx, and pressure in the larynx.”

The difficult breathing comes on with liver symptoms and pneumonia and chest troubles in general. “Difficult respiration, with short fits of coughing. Short, quick breathing. Anxiety as if he must choke. Difficult breathing; tightness over the chest as if breathing would be hindered.” It has also nightly attacks of humid asthma-This is brought on from every change of the weather. All its complaints are brought on from changes in the weather. – He cannot stand weather changes, either too cold or too warm. Rheumatic complaints in the shoulders, hips and limbs, from changes in the weather.

With complaints of the liver, lungs and chest, there are coughs. They are spasmodic. The chronic cough is violent, spasmodic, dry, corning in paroxysms. “Spasmodic cough,

Chelidonium, Chelidonium Majus, Uses, Doses, By Dr. John Henry Clarke

Chelidonium Majus
Chelidonium Majus

Chelidonium Majus – Uses – doses

Chelidonium majus. Greater Celandine. N. O. Papaveraceae. Tincture of entire fresh plant, at time of flowering.

Clinical.-Antrum of Highmore, inflammation of. Cancer. Chest, affections of. Chorea. Constipation. Cough. Diarrhoea. Dyspepsia. Gall-stones. Gonorrhoea. Haemoptysis. Haemorrhoids. Headache. Influenza. Jaundice. Lachrymal fistula. Laryngismus. Liver, affections of. Nephritis. Neuralgia. Nose-bleed. Pleurodynia. Pneumonia. Rheumatism. Scald-head. Stiff-neck. Taste, altered. Tumours. Warts. Whooping-cough. Yawning.

Characteristics Symptoms of Chelidonium Majus – Uses – doses :

Chelidonium is a poppy and therefore allied to Opium and Sanguinaria, with both of which it has many features in common. But its closest analogue is Lycopodium, with which it holds a complementary relation. I have often cured with Chel. when Lyc. was apparently indicated and failed to act well. The juice of Chel. causes vesication when applied to the skin. An extract injected locally in cancer cases has gained a reputation in the old school. The juice is yellow, resembling bile. Probably on the “signature” of the bile-like juice it was recommended as a remedy in jaundice by Galen and Dioscorides. Given on the broad ground of organ-homoeopathy, in material or semi-material doses, it has achieved notable results in cases of liver disease. But it has also fine indications. The chief “keynote” for its employment is a continued, bruised, aching pain at the inferior angle of the right scapula: Chel. acts on spleen and kidneys as well as liver. It is also a venous medicine. Paralytic symptoms are prominent. There is great debility and drowsiness after eating and on waking. Prefers hot things. Desire to lie down after a meal. Aversion to move, feels tired on least exertion. There is the Opium sleepiness and yawning. Yellowness of the skin; ulceration. Chel. is a predominantly right-side medicine (like Sang. and Lyc.), and besides the right infra-scapular pain and the action on the liver it has neuralgia over the right eye and in right malar bone, and also an action on the caecum and right ovary; and on the base of the right lung. In pneumonia with bilious symptoms it is one of the chief remedies. Chel., like Lyc., has fan-like movement of alae nasi in chest affections. There may be either constipation (clay-coloured stools), or diarrhoea with bright yellow stools. There is nausea (of pregnancy) with desire for food > by drinking milk. Desire for hot drinks, only water almost boiling will stay on stomach. Chills or creeps accompany the headache or the jaundice. The dirty yellow complexion produced by Chel., with other signs of cachexia, strongly suggest cancer, and the action of Sang., its relative, in cancer of the breast is well known. Also Opium, in addition to its narcotic influence, is believed by Snow to have a retarding effect on cancerous growth. A somewhat typical Chel. case, simulating cancer, is recorded by C. M. Foss. A man, 45, had catarrh of the nose, and, at the same time, of the stomach: had been told he had cancer of the stomach. Tenderness over stomach with sinking, gone feeling, at times reaching a state of painful anguish; sickness at stomach, all symptoms > by eating. Chel. 6x cured at once. “Aversion to cheese” is an indication for Chel. in many gastric conditions. Teste, who proved Chel., places it at the head of a group which includes Caps. and Viola. od. He mentions the analogy between the juice of Chel. and the juice of Garcinia morella, Gamboge. Both are bright yellow and pass to orange and brown on drying. Some old-school authorities have recommended the juice of Chel. as a substitute for gamboge as a hydragogue cathartic. Among its ancient external uses was, as an application in eye affections, to chronic ulcers, and to warts. In Teste’s proving he emphasised the following symptoms: “1.30 p.m.: dull and heavy, deep-seated pain in whole right side of chest and right shoulder, without cough, but with embarrassed respirations. This pain, which is at times accompanied by dull beatings in the chest, does not allow him to draw a long breath; it is not perceptibly aggravated by the motions of the arm. The pain is particularly felt in the axilla and under the shoulder-blade; a sort of numbness of the muscles in the region of the liver, and in the whole right side of the neck, face, and head; apprehension of threatening pneumonia; great anxiety; constant desire to stir and change one’s position (lasts an hour and decreases gradually).”-“Extremely profuse emission of a whitish and foaming urine.”-“2 p.m.: drowsiness which is so marked, even in the open air, that she is near falling asleep while walking; lasts half an hour.” According to Rademacher Chel. acts on the centre of the liver. Chel. has a strong action on the respiratory sphere. A characteristic cough is caused by a sensation of “dust” in the air passages. St. Clair Smith relates a case. A young lady had had for several weeks a dry, racking, fatiguing cough night and day, < night, no expectoration and no pain. She looked completely worn out. The cough was excited by a sensation as if throat and larynx were full of dust. Chel. 3, a powder every two hours, was given. She only took three when the “dust” left the throat and with it the cough, and never returned. Carleton Smith cured this: “Dry cough through day with pain and stitches right side; severe hoarseness 5 p.m., voice scarcely audible.” In rheumatic affections Chel. has a large field. Å’dema, heat, tenderness and stiffness are the leading indications. Here is a case: A baby girl had had rheumatism of both ankles for a week, when it settled in the right one, which became greatly swollen, very tender, painful and hot. Constipated for two months previous, whitish stools. Chel. improved in twelve hours, and entirely cured in a week. In another case of acute rheumatism of feet and ankles, supervening on a slow, remittent fever, Chel. cured after the failure of Rhus and Bry. The patient was a girl of six. Both ankles were affected, feet much swollen and extended. The slightest movement or touch extorted screams. The only relief was constant bathing with hot water. W. A. Burr cured a case of right sciatic rheumatism, of ten years’ history, in a very corpulent woman, aet. 55. In her case there were aggravations coming on in the afternoon and evening of each day, and lasting into the middle of the night. During the paroxysms the outer ankle and lower leg became cyanotic, swelling around ankle, constriction above, great sensitiveness to touch and motion. Very nervous during the spells. Great external sensitiveness; aversion to touch, and < from it. Pressure > some symptoms and < others. Eating > stomach symptoms: all complaints lessen after dinner. Change of weather headache. Rest >. Lying on face > pain in kidneys and bladder. Lying on left side > pain in stomach. Many symptoms are < 4 a.m.; also 4 p.m. and afternoon.

Relations.-Antidoted by: Acon.; acids; wine and coffee; Camph. (Teste). It is antidote to: Bry. Compatible: Ars., Bry., Coral. r. (whooping-cough); Led., Sul. (hepatised lung); Ipec. (spasm of glottis). Compare: In pain below angle of scapula, Juglans cin., Chenop. (lower than angle and nearer spine), Ran. b. (edge of left; through to chest), Lob. cerul. (inside edge right scapula), Angust. (cutting from just beneath right scapula to breast, near nipple), Bry.; Bry. is a close analogue in many symptoms-yellow tongue, swelling of liver; Lyc. is complemented by Chel. (some differences are: Lyc. has sour taste, Chel. bitter, Lyc. has rumbling in left hypochondrium, and fulness after a small quantity of food. Lyc. and Bell. have symptoms beginning and ending suddenly; Chel. has headache ceasing suddenly). Merc. (bilious pneumonia. Sharp pains through right lung to back; Merc. has slimy stool and great uneasiness before and after, the stool of Chel. being free); Kali c. (pneumonia in later stages, copious exudation into lungs, rattling with cough, < 2-3 a.m.); Colch. (nausea with desire for food); Carb. an. (leucorrhoea staining yellow); Act. r. (waving sensation in brain); Aco., Ars., Bell., Bry., Calc., Caps., Chi., Gamb., Graph., Ign., Nit. ac., Nux, Pho., Pod., Puls., Rhus, Sep., Spi., Sul., Viol. o.

SYMPTOMS (Chelidonium Majus – Uses – doses)

1. Mind.-Remarkable tranquillity of mind for two or three days, followed after a while by ill-humour.-Low-spirited, desponding, with inclination to weep.-Forgetful, absent-minded.-Restlessness and uneasiness of conscience; felt she had committed the unpardonable sin.

2. Head.-Confusion.-Whirling vertigo; with shivering; with nausea; with vomiting of bile; on awaking; from 6 to 9 p.m.-Rush of blood to head and face, throat and upper chest.-Heaviness of head, extending to r. side of head, whence a rheumatic drawing extending into r. side of neck, wrist, and chest.-Headache in afternoon, disappearing suddenly.-Headache > closing eyes; > after eating (severe on rising, > after breakfast).-Headache, throbbing in temples; pressing from within outwards esp. towards forehead, < open air; coughing; blowing nose; stooping; > while eating.-Waving sensation in brain.-Waving in brain and heaviness in forehead and vertex, extending to temples, and very unpleasant after drinking white beer.-Pressure in forehead extending to orbits, which are painful as if sore on moving the eyes.-Pressing pain. r, side of forehead.-Band sensation across forehead and temples, > closing eyes.-Tearing in forehead above eyes, extending into the (l.) eye, into the lids, and root of nose.-Pressive pain in r. temple, r. parietal bone, and at last over r. eye.-Beating in temples synchronous with pulse on lying down in bed at night.-Stitches in vertex, esp. when walking fast.-Occiput heavy as if it could not be raised from pillow at night; with drawings in neck from above downward.-Sensation of coldness in occiput ascending from nape; < moving; > at rest.-Soreness; sensitiveness; itching; tingling; crawling on scalp.-Hair falls out, esp. on occiput.-Scald-head.

3. Eyes. (Chelidonium Majus – Uses – doses):

Painful pressure on upper eyelid.-Tearing pain in and above eyes.-Neuralgic pain above r.-eye.-Stitches between eyebrows.-Pressive, burning headache between eyebrows which presses lids together; > after eating, but returning after three-quarters of an hour.-Margins of eyelids red.-Clonic spasms of lids.-Redness of conjunctiva.-Whites dirty yellow.-Aching in eyeballs on moving them.-Pupils contracted.-Vision dim.-Mistiness of sight of r. eye, morning on waking.-A blinding spot seems to be before the eyes, and if he looks at it the eye waters.

4. Ears. (Chelidonium Majus – Uses – doses)

Pain behind r. ear.-Tearing from r. cheek-bone to ears and around ears extending to upper part of occiput along lamboidal suture.-Sensation in both ears as if wind were rushing out.-Loss of hearing during cough.-Roaring as of a distant wind-storm.

5. Nose (Chelidonium Majus – Uses – doses)

Tip swollen and red.-Dry coryza with (one-sided) stoppage.-Fluent coryza.-Discharge of black blood with mucus on waking in morning.-Obstruction with liver complaints.-Hallucinations of smell (on stooping).

6. Face.-Red without heat.-Remarkably yellow, esp. forehead, nose, and cheeks.-The usual red has a mixture of dark yellow.-Tension and drawing in (l.) malar bone.-Sensation of swelling in r. cheek-bones.-Burrowing-tearing in antrum.-Itching in face and on forehead.-Herpes on face, esp. chin.-Lips swollen; dry, cracked, crusty, feeling.

7. Teeth.-Tearing pains r. ear to r. teeth, afternoons.-Toothache with facial neuralgia; < warmth; and in bed at night; > cold water; l. lower molar, jerking, tearing in antrum.-Gums bleed.

8. Mouth.-Taste: mucous, pappy; bitter; food tasting natural.-Bitter taste when not eating.-Tongue: nervous, pointed; thickly coated, yellow with red margin; teeth-indented.-Mouth dry.-Salivation: bitter; oozing of blood.-Bad odour.-Mucus flies from mouth when coughing.

9. Throat.-Sensation as if larynx were pressed on oesophagus impeding deglutition.-Sensation of choking in throat, as if too large a morsel had been swallowed.-Fauces red; swelling of uvula and tonsils; shooting in tonsils; burning and scraping in throat.

10. Appetite.-Appetite lost.-Thirst with dry mouth and throat.-Desire for milk, which agrees; for sour things.-Aversion to cheese; to meat.-Prefers hot drinks, which >.-All complaints > after dinner.

11. Stomach.-Hiccough.-Frequent belchings.-Eructations tasting like juniper berries.-Nausea with sensation of heat in stomach.-Bilious vomiting.-Gnawing in stomach relieved by eating.-Sensation of coldness in stomach.-Cutting pain in stomach when yawning; soon after eating.

12. Abdomen.-Colic, navel drawn in.-Stitches in liver and spleen.-Shooting stitching through liver to back; crampy pain inner angle of scapula.-R. (and l.) hypochondrium and scrobiculus cordis tense and painful on pressure.-Pains across umbilicus as if abdomen constricted by a string.-Abdominal plethora; distension, rumbling.

13. Stool and Anus.-Mucous diarrhoea at night.-Stools white; bright yellow; like clay.-Constipation, stool hard, in hard lumps.-Some blood with stool.-Periodic straining and pressing on rectum, as if before a stool without result.-Burning; cutting; drawing; crawling and itching; sticking and itching in rectum and anus (haemorrhoids).

14. Urinary Organs.-Pressure in bladder with scanty emission.-Spasmodic pain in r. kidney and liver.-Burning, darting and cutting in urethra.-Frequent desire and urging to micturate.-Urine: profuse, whitish, foaming; red and turbid; dark.-(Diabetes.)

15. Male Sexual Organs.-Drawing pains in spermatic cord; in testicles.-Eczematous excoriation on male parts and anus.-Painful swelling r. testicle with tension and drawing in spermatic cord.

16. Female Sexual Organs.-Menses too late; too profuse; lasting too long.-Pain in r. ovary.-Milk diminished.

17. Respiratory Organs.-Hoarseness.-Spasm of glottis.-While coughing pain in larynx and sacrum.-Pricking; sticking; tickling; constriction in larynx.-Pressure as if air could not pass through; as if swollen (r.).-Pressure, heat or irritation in trachea.-Short breath and tight chest.-Nightly attacks of asthma with sense of constriction in region of diaphragm.-Cough in paroxysms; throws up lumps of mucus.-Cough after waking and on rising, with sensation of dust under sternum.-Paroxysms of cough with copious expectoration; with pain behind sternum, esp. at night.-Paroxysms of dry cough 4 p.m.

18. Chest.-Stitches beneath r. ribs; l. side of chest.-Deep-seated pain in whole r. side of chest.-Soreness of lower ribs r. side.

19. Heart.-Stitches and lancinating pains in cardiac region and heart; in pectoral muscles.-Periodic palpitation.-Violent palpitation with tightness of chest.

20. Neck and Back.-Drawing in nape and occiput.-Stiff-neck, head drawn to left.-Stitches beneath r. scapula (hindering motion of arm).-Fixed pain under inner and lower angle of r. scapula.-Violent pains at lower angle of l. scapula.-When bending forwards or backwards, tearing, pressing pain in back as if vertebrae were being broken asunder.-Drawing from, sacrum to r. side of scrobiculus.

21. Limbs.-Twitching in arms and legs.-Neuralgia in limbs.-Rheumatism.-Least touch anywhere is exceedingly painful; sweat without relief.-Limbs feel heavy, stiff, and lame; flabby; trembling.

22. Upper Limbs.-Pain in r. shoulder; in l. shoulder.-Inability to use r. (also l.) arm and forearm with freedom, sometimes attended with tearing pain.-Stiffness in wrist.-Stiffness, stitches in wrists.-Tips of fingers cold.

23. Lower Limbs.-Shooting in r. hip.-Drawing pains in hips, thighs, legs, and feet, more r. side.-Weight in lower limbs.-Swelling of feet, most round ankle.-Toes feel dead.-Intolerable pains in heels, as if they had been pinched by too narrow a shoe.

25. Skin.-Yellow, yellowish-grey shrivelled skin.-Itching.-Burning like nettles, preceding eruption like measles.-Red painful pimples and pustules on various parts.-Red miliary eruption on neck, chest, and arms.-Eczema.-Old, putrid, spreading ulcers.

26. Sleep.-Frequent yawning.-Lethargic.-Sleepy, wants to lie down but cannot sleep.-Sleep dreamful, unrefreshing.-Dreams of corpses and funerals.

27. Fever.-Yawning and shivering before attacks.-Icy coldness of r foot.-Violent shivering fit, 3 p.m. daily.-Rigor followed by heat and sorrowful, anxious mood.-Heat of head, dark red cheeks, pulsation in arteries; full pulse; faintness; difficulty of speech; nausea; short breath; cold feet.-Burning heat of hands, spreading thence over body.-Moist, burning skin.-Sweat during the night, esp. towards morning.-Sweat on least exertion.