Human Anatomy & Classifications of Human Anatomy. Human Anatomy is the science which deals with the structure of Human body. The term Anatony is derived from a Greek word Anatome – whose meaning is cutting up. The term dessection is a Latin equivalent of the Greek Anatome. However the two words- anatomy and dessection are not synonymous. Dessection is mere technique whereas anatomy is a wide field of study.
Anatony forms the firm foundations of the whole art of medicine and introduces the student to the grater part of medical terminology. Anatomy is to physiology as geography is to history that is it describes the theater in which the actions take place.
SUBDIVISIONS OF HUMAN ANATOMY
Initially human anatomy was studied mainly by dessection. But the scope of modern has become very wide because it is now studied by all possible techniques which can enlarge the boundaries of the anatomical knowledge.
The main subdivisions of anatomy are:
- Cadaveric Anatomy is studied on the dead embalmed bodies usually with the necked eye.
- Regional Anatomy: In regional anatomy the body is studied in parts, like upper limb, lower limb, thorax, abdomen, head, neck, and brain.
- Systemic Anatomy: In systemic anatomy the is studied in systems, like the skeletal system (osteology), muscular system (myology), articulatory system (anthrology syndesmology), vescular system (angiology), nervous systems (neurology), respiratory systems, digestive systems, urogenital system, and endocrine systems (splanchnology). The locomotor system includes osteology, anthrology and myology.
2. Living Anatomy: Living anatomy is studied by inspection, palpitation, percussion, auscultation, endoscopy, radiography, electromyography, etc.
3. Embryology (developmental anatomy): Embryology (developmental anatomy) is the study of the prenatal developmental history is called Ontogeny. The evolutionary history on the other hand is called Phylogeny.
4. Histology (microscopic anatomy): Histology (microscopic anatomy) is the study of the structures with the aid of a microscope.
5. Surface anatomy (topographic anatomy): Surface anatomy (topographic anatomy) is the study of deeper parts of the body in relation to the skin surface that is palpating the artery. It is helpful in clinical practice and surgical operations that is palpating the artery.
6. Radiographic and imaging anatomy: Radiographic and imaging anatomy is the study of the bones and deeper organs by plain and contrast radiography, by ultrasound and computerised tomographic (CT) scans.
7. Comparative anatomy: Comparative anatomy is the study of anatomy of the others animals to explain the changes in form, structure and function (morphology) of different parts of the human body.
8. Physical anthropology deals with the external features and measurements of different races and groups of people. and with the study of the prehistoric remains.
9. Applied Anatomy (clinical anatomy): Applied Anatomy deals with application of the anatomical knowledge to the medical and surgical practice.
10. Experimental Anatomy: Experimental Anatomy is the study of the factors which influence and determine the form, structure and function of different parts of the body.
11. Genetics deals with the study of information present in the chromosomes.