History of Anatomy
Greek Period (BC) History of Anatomy:
Hippocrates of Cos (Circa 400 BC) is the father of medicine and he is regarded as one of the founders of anatomy. Parts of Hippocrates collection are the earliest anatomical descriptions.
Herophilus of Chalcedon (Circa 300 BC) is called the father of anatomy. He was a Greek physician and was one of the first to dissect the human body.
Roman Period (AD) History of Anatomy
Galen of Pergamum, Asia Minor (circa 130-200 AD), the prince of physicians, practiced medicine in Rome. He was the foremost practitioner of his days and first experimental physiologist.
Fourteenth Century (History of Anatomy)
The restorer of anatomy is called to Mundinus or Mondino d’Luzzi (1276-1326) is called the restorer of anatomy. He was an Italian anatomist and by profession he was an anatomist at Bologna, Italy.
Fifteenth Century (History of Anatomy)
Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) is called the originator of cross-sectional anatomy. He was known one of the greatest geniuses in the world. He was also called the founder of anatomy.
Sixteenth Century (History of Anatomy)
The reformer of anatomy is called to Vesalius (1514-1564). He was an German in origin, Belgian (Brussels) by birth, and an Italian (Padua) University favourable for his work. He was a profession of anatomy at Padua.
Seventeenth Century (History of Anatomy)
William Harver (1578-1657) was an English physician who discovered the circulation of blood, and published it as Anatomical Exercise of the Motion of the Heart and Blood in Animals. he also published a book an embryology.
Eighteenth Century (History of Anatomy)
William Hunter (1718-1783) was an London anatomist and obstetrician. He introduces the present day embalming with the help of Harvey’s discovery.
Dissection by medical students was made compulsory in Edinburgh in the year of 1826. Burke and Hare scandal of 16 murders took place in Edinburgh in 1828. Warburton Anatomy Act (1832) was passed in England under which the unclaimed bodies were made available for dissection. The act was passed in America (Massachusetts) in 1931. Formalin was ised as a fixative in 1890s.
X-ray were discovered by Roentgen in 1895.
The Electron Microscope was invented in 20th century. It was applied in clinical practice, which made startling changes in the study of normal and diseased conditions.